Topic 14 - Vulnerable road users

This multiple choice section will clarify what safety margins are which is essential when driving on the road in harsh weather conditions

Who are Vulnerable road users?

The fourteenth (and final) topic from the theory test is vulnerable road users. So far, the topics we’ve covered mostly look at what you need to do to keep yourself safe when behind the wheel. This time, we’re focusing on the people who are most vulnerable on the road, from cyclists to horse riders, and how you need to act in order to ensure their safety.

Vulnerable road users

Road users may be defined as vulnerable with regard to their degree of protection in traffic, such as pedestrians, cyclists, non-motorised road users and motorcyclists, or their degree of mobility, such as the young, the elderly, and people with disabilities or special needs.

What is a vulnerable road user:

Why are they classed as ‘vulnerable?


All pedestrians are vulnerable, so we must be cautious when we see any of the below signs.

Pedestrian with White Stick

This means that they are Blind, so cannot see you approach or stop the vehicle. Allow extra time and care when crossing

Pedestrian with red and White Stick

This indicates the pedestrian is both Blind and Deaf. This means they won’t be able to see or hear you approach them.

Pedestrian with red and White Stick

This means the pedestrian is deaf so cannot hear you or others around them.

Disability Motors

You must also be cautious if you see a disabled persons vehicle (Such as an electric scooter) these will usually be equipped with a yellow flashing light to indicate they are slow, their maximum speed is 8MPH.


These vehicles require you to take extra care when you see them. They are most vulnerable at roundabouts and junctions. Horses/Cyclists may be in the left lane, but this doesn’t mean they are going left they could be going in any direction. They will stay in the left lane close to the side of the road for their own safety as horses can be easily scared by other cars and cylcists may be blown over by a STRONG wind. You should NEVER overtake these road users at a junction.

More info cyclists

Cyclists can use toucan crossings. If you see a cycle lane or a sign for a cycle route/or with a flow cycle lane then you must look out for cyclists.


Children can pose a massive threat whilst driving. When driving through domestic areas and by schools, you should drive at a slower speed, just in case a child runs out from behind a parked car into the road. As children are often very small,, they cannot be seen hidden behind parked cars.


The above road marking is found outside of schools. It allows children to have a better view while crossing, as cars cannot park here.

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